The National Biomechanics Institute is a forensic investigation firm which specializes in accident reconstruction and analysis through the use of advanced, scientifically-validated technology and understanding of biological mechanics and human factors. In the field of accident reconstruction, there are several different technologies which are being used and developed to determine the causes of accidents and ways to improve protection for human victims.
The first of these is the Event Data Recorder, or EDR, which is similar to the “black boxes” aboard many aircraft. The EDR is usually hosted within a vehicle’s airbag module or powertrain control module and can gather and store physical data about the vehicle in the time leading up to the accident and during the event itself. Some of the data collected by the EDR are things like the speed of the vehicle, the pressure on the brakes, the location of the throttle and even the number of occupants inside. All of this is valuable information useful for determining the factors at play during accident reconstruction.
The National Biomechanics Institute also uses drones to survey the area around an accident; drones are able to achieve a vantage point capable of seeing the surrounding geometry and landmarks that might have contributed to an accident. Using cameras and high-definition photographs, drones can even help recreate a 3D representation of the scene for later analysis.
Other devices, such as luminance meters and tribometers, help accident reconstruction by finding causes of accidents or human error. Luminance meters, for instance, do exactly what the name suggests: measure light. This can be used to determine what might have been seen by humans at the scene of the accident, which is useful for determining if a human factor was at play or if human error was to blame for a mishap. A tribometer, on the other hand, can determine how slippery a surface was, and therefore whether or not a hazardous environment was a potential cause for harm.
There are many other technologies- 3D imaging processors, statistical and mathematical models to account for human error, and anatomically-correct human dummies to test for damage and position, just to name a few- and all of them work together in the National Biomechanics Institute to determine the truth hiding in the chaos after accidents. Accident reconstruction is a precise, important field that needs the most advanced technology to be successful, and the NBI will be at the forefront of that development.